Liver essentials: a comprehensive overview

The liver is vital for our health, detoxifying substances, producing proteins, and storing energy. Understanding its functions and common diseases is essential for good health and preventing liver disorders. Cirrhosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic liver disease.1,2

Global burden of liver disease

The global burden of chronic liver disease is substantial3

Global mortality due to cirrhosis

Types of liver diseases

Liver Function

Tips to improve liver health7,8

Balanced Diet
Regular Exercise
Avoid Medication Usage
Avoid Smoking
Maintain Healthy weight


  1. Kalra A, Yetiskul E, Wehrle CJ, Tuma F. Physiology, Liver. StatPearls. 2023.
  2. Cheemerla S, Balakrishnan M. Global Epidemiology of Chronic Liver Disease. Clin Liver Dis (Hoboken). May 2021;17(5):365-370. doi:10.1002/cld.1061
  3. Devarbhavi H, Asrani SK, Arab JP, Nartey YA, Pose E, Kamath PS. Global burden of liver disease: 2023 update. J Hepatol. Aug 2023;79(2):516-537. doi:10.1016/j.jhep.2023.03.017
  4. Soliman Y, Raypole C. Liver disease : liver problems and their causes. Accessed 31/10/2023.
  5. Trefts E, Gannon M, Wasserman DH. The liver. Curr Biol. Nov 6 2017;27(21):R1147-R1151. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.09.019
  6. NHS;Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. on 17/11/2023
  7. Nobili V, Carter-Kent C, Feldstein AE. The role of lifestyle changes in the management of chronic liver disease. BMC Med. Jun 6 2011;9:70. doi:10.1186/1741-7015-9-70
  8. Nivukoski U, Niemela M, Bloigu A, et al. Combined effects of lifestyle risk factors on fatty liver index. BMC Gastroenterol. Apr 15 2020;20(1):109. doi:10.1186/s12876-020-01270-7